As a non-EU country national you have a legal right to express intention to seek asylum in Slovenia and be transferred to the asylum centre, but many testimonies show that Slovene police are illegally denying the right to asylum procedure. If you have successfully expressed intention to seek asylum, you will have at least two interviews with an employee of the Ministry of Interior as part of your procedure. During these interviews, you have a right to a translator and you should provide all evidence regarding your case. The asylum procedure lasts from a few months to several years. Each asylum case is considered individually and separately. The stronger is the case, the faster is the decision.
Main asylum office and camp is located at Cesta v Gorice 15 in Ljubljana. Men asylum seekers can be housed in Kotnikova camp in Ljubljana. Another camp is located in Logatec, a small city 30 km out of Ljubljana. Unaccompanied minors are housed in a high school dormitory in Postojna. In special cases, asylum seekers are allowed to reside outside of the camp if their request is approved. You have the right to pocket money of 18 euros per month, access to the basic living services within the asylum centre, and possibilities of education. Medical help is provided in emergency situations.
You can receive a work permit after nine months only if you did not prior receive a negative decision by the Ministry of the Interior. As an asylum seeker, you have the right to free movement throughout Slovenia but no legal right to cross the border.
You are eligible for international protection if you have successfully proven that your life is in danger in your home country because of your ethnicity, political or religious beliefs or sexual orientation. To strengthen your case you should present documents regarding your prosecution. You can receive subsidiary protection if you are not persecuted but could upon return to your country be exposed to the danger of inhuman treatment or death. Subsidiary protection is granted for one or more years with the possibility of extension, while international protection is granted for 10 years.
If your application is rejected, you have the right to appeal the decision on the Administrative Court. Legal counselling is provided by NGO Pravno-informacijski center (PIC). The counsellor will write the appeal for you, so be sure to draw attention to any mistakes and clarify them. They have an office in the asylum camp Vič and do regular visits to the asylum camp in Kotnikova. It is important to note that you have 15 days to submit the appeal, otherwise the decision of the ministry will count final. Your case will be over.
The Administrative Court can accept the appeal and return the application back to the Ministry of Interior or decide that the applicant should be granted a positive decision. If the Administrative Court has rejected your appeal, you have the option to appeal the negative decision on the Supreme Court. If your appeal has been rejected on first and second level court, you will lose the status of an asylum seeker.
When a person loses the status of an asylum seeker, he is given to custody of the police and is usually taken to the immigration detention centre in Postojna. This can happen right after the court decision was received by the applicant or his lawyer so be wary of your procedure. There is also a practice of readmission of denied asylum seekers to Croatia.
When you are detained you have only three days to make an appeal. In detention you should be provided with a list of lawyers and the official documents stating the reasons for your detention. You have the right to phone access for one hour per day. If you believe your rights are violated, you can contact the ombudsman of human rights on email@example.com. A person can be in administrative detention for up to 6 months with a possibility of extension for another 6 months.
If you did not receive any form of protection, you can ask for permission to remain. This permit is granted by police to people who cannot be returned to their home countries for a limited period of time, usually from a month to 6 months with possibility of extension. The granting of the permit is in the sole decision of the police, who can also decide to detain you. It is advised that you inform your friends on your decision to seek this permit. A person with a permit to remain has to regularly make visits to a police station and has no right to education or work.
If you believe you are wrongfully detained or have further questions you can submit them at Infokolpa Facebook inbox. Integration help to migrants is provided by the Slovene Philanthropy who runs a daily migrant centre at Cesta Dolomitskega odreda 11 in Ljubljana. The centre is open every weekday from 10.00 to 18.00. Additional help is provided by Odnos Association, Institute for African Studies, and other organizations.